- land access
- stakeholder engagement
- social assessment
Planning, implementing and evaluating land access and resettlement projects, including project management, scheduling, budgeting, legal issues, land management strategies, negotiations and consultations, livelihood restoration programs, and Resettlement Policy Frameworks and Action Plans
"I don't know much about land access and resettlement, but from what I do know, it will cost way more than you think, something will go hideously wrong, and it will take a lot longer than planned"
Quote from manager of a major mining project
Land access and resettlement is challenging, but it is possible to do it right
Natural resource projects and major infrastructure projects can have considerable impacts on local communities, chiefly due to the need to acquire large areas of land. When projects are located in developing and middle income economies the impacts are most keenly felt, as it often requires displacement of large, often rural, populations, with predominately land based livelihoods.
Land access and resettlement is concerned with managing these challenging processes to minimize impacts on communities, mitigate any impacts that do occur, and ideally leave communities better off, through appropriate resettlement, restoration of livelihoods and related initiatives. The ideal result should be mutual gains for communities, companies and governments.
Land access and resettlement therefore refers both to:
- Physical displacement: Where there is loss of shelter and assets resulting from project-related acquisition of land and / or restrictions on land use that requires the affected persons to move to another location
- Economic displacement: Where there is a loss of assets or access to assets that leads to loss of income sources or other means of livelihoods as a result of project-related land acquisition and / or restrictions on land use.
When resettlement is practically unavoidable it must be:
- Carefully and systematically planned from an early stage
- Undertaken with the informed and active participation of displaced persons and other relevant stakeholders.
The goal of a land access and resettlement project is not just to achieve access to the land, but to form a lasting and meaningful partnership with local communities, government and all relevant stakeholders, in order to ensure the future success of a project, and benefits for all.
Regardless of whether resettlement is involuntary or voluntary, the overall objectives, guiding principles, approach and desired outcomes should not be different.
Process is as important as outcome
Intersocial specializes in land access and resettlement planning and implementation. We have planned and implemented resettlement projects on both greenfiled and brownfield projects from A-Z, including stakeholder engagement and management, baseline surveys and impact assessment, negotiations, planning and implementation of physical resettlement, planning and impleentation of livelihood restoration programs, and ongoing monitoring and evaluation.
We do this working closely with the client team and local and national service providers and partners, so capacity is built when Intersocial leave the project.
We also undertake reviews and monitoring and evaluation of land access and resettlement processes and Resettlement Action Plans for clients and funding institutions.